What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is diagnosed when blood sugar (BS) is more than 126mg/dl on fasting on two occasions, or random BS is more than 200mg/dl on two occasions, or one-time fasting BS >126 + random >200mg/dl.

What Type of Diabetes DO you have?

What Type of Diabetes DO you have? Ask your Doctor.
Type I: Insulin dependent, their body lack cells which secret insulin therefore they need Insulin all their life.
Type II: They are obese, They have insulin But their body cell NOT responding to insulin level they have in their blood .

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Why Should I Get Treatment for Diabetes?

Diabetes, if not treated properly, can cause:

  1. Kidney destruction, necessitating dialysis and kidney transplant.
  2. Arterial obstruction, leading to early stroke or heart attack.
  3. Blindness (regular eye checkups are essential).
  4. Neuropathy (nerve damage), causing pain in feet and hands.

Goals for Therapy

Decrease blood sugar to less than 125 and Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) of less than 7. This decreases the risk of kidney failure, heart attack, blindness, and stroke by 12–60%, depending on proper and tight control of blood sugar.

How Should I Control My Blood Sugar?

It depends on you. Regularly check your blood sugar, follow your doctor’s advice, and adjust medication accordingly.

What Should I Do If I Am Diabetic?

1-Diet and Exercise and develop new habits:

Diet and Exercise:  Healthy lifestyle choices — including diet, exercise and weight control — provide the foundation for managing type 2 diabetes. However, you may need medications.Low Sugar diet is very important abandon adding Sugar to your food and remove Sugar container from your table you should check your blood Sugar three times per day and keep it less than 126. If you have hypertension  Low sodium (Salt) diet is very important abandon adding salt to your food and remove salt container from your table and check your blood pressure and keep it below 140/80, Do not use can product since they have lots of salt in them. An over weight person need to have Low calorie diet in order to loose weight and lower blood sugar and blood pressure. Low fat food and preparing food in water not in oil is better. One-hour exercise per day like walking, running and swimming will help to lower blood sugar and blood pressure. Quite smoking and alcohol habit.

2-Medication for Diabetes and which one is good for you?

Healthy lifestyle choices — including diet, exercise and weight control — provide the foundation for managing type 2 diabetes. However, you may need medications to achieve target blood sugar (glucose) levels. Sometimes a single medication is effective. In other cases, a combination of medications works better.

Several classes of type 2 diabetes medicines exist. Each works in different ways to lower blood sugar. A drug may work by:

  • Stimulating the pancreas to produce and release more insulin
  • Inhibiting the production and release of glucose from the liver
  • Blocking the action of stomach enzymes that break down carbohydrates
  • Improving the sensitivity of cells to insulin
  • Inhibiting the reabsorption of glucose in the kidneys
  • Slowing how quickly food moves through the stomach

Each class of medicine has one or more drugs. Some of these drugs are taken orally, while others must be injected.

Compare diabetes medications

Here’s an at-a-glance comparison of common diabetes medications. More medications are available depending on your needs and situation. Ask your doctor about your options and the pros and cons of each.

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